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first_imgART Holdings Limited (ARTD.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Paper & Packaging sector has released it’s 2020 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about ART Holdings Limited (ARTD.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ART Holdings Limited (ARTD.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ART Holdings Limited (ARTD.zw)  2020 interim results for the first quarter. Company ProfileAmalgamated Regional Trading Holdings Limited (ART) manufactures and distributes products in three key categories paper products, stationary and batteries. Its product portfolio is diverse; ranging from tissue paper, sanitary ware and disposable napkins to writing pens and automotive, solar and standby batteries. Its products fall under the brand names Exide, Eversharp, Softex and Chloride. The company also has substantial interests in timber plantations and offers forestry resources management services. ART has a southern African footprint, with a strong presence in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and South Africa. Formerly known as Beachmont Trading Limited, its name changed to Amalgamated Regional Trading Holdings Limited in 2001. The company is a subsidiary of Taesung Chemical Company Limited and its headquarters are in Harare, Zimbabwe. Amalgamated Regional Trading Holdings Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

first_imgSaturday 19th March – Ireland v England – 5pmSaturday 19th March – France v Wales – 7.45pm The fixture list for the 2011 RBS 6 Nations has been announced with another tantalising finale is in store for rugby fans. On March 19, Grand Slam holders France host Wales in the final match of the tournament while England travel to the refurbished and renamed Aviva Stadium to take on Ireland and Scotland play Italy keen to avenge their 16-12 defeat.The opening weekend on February 4/5 – which already sees Wales and England make history by starting the Championship on a Friday night – are a reverse of 2010’s first round games with Ireland and Scotland travelling to Italy and France respectively.Ireland’s first match back at Landsdowne Road after four years at Croke Park is at home to Les Bleus the following weekend.The tournament takes on extra significance with the 2011 World Cup just months away and David Pickering, Chairman of the Six Nations Council, said: “The RBS 6 Nations Championship remains the envy of the rugby world, a tournament played with pride and passion and drenched in history and tradition”.All UK time – Add 1 hour for France and ItalyRBS Six Nations Fixture Schedule 2011Friday 4th February – Wales v England – 7.45pmSaturday 5th February – Italy v Ireland – 2.30pmSaturday 5th February – France v Scotland – 5pmSaturday 12th February – England v Italy – 2.30pmSaturday 12th February – Scotland v Wales – 5pmSunday 13th February – Ireland v France – 3pm 19/20 February FreeSaturday 26th February – Italy v Wales – 2.30pmSaturday 26th February – England v France – 5pmSunday 27th February – Scotland v Ireland – 3pm5/6 March FreeSaturday 12th March – Italy v France – 2.30pmSaturday 12th March – Wales v Ireland – 5pmSunday 13th March – England v Scotland – 3pmSaturday 19th March – Scotland v Italy – 2.30pmcenter_img LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALSlast_img read more

first_imgHowever, the players’ union has spoken out about a lack of dialogue with them Heat of battle: When Bristol and Quins met in March (Getty Images) Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. “The RPA have been working diligently over the last 12 weeks to seek to avoid a repeat of the damaging situation the game found itself in when the clubs imposed temporary wage cuts on a unilateral basis in mid-March. This latest situation could have been entirely avoided with a collaborative and transparent approach and we now find ourselves heading towards a significant legal dispute unless meaningful and genuine dialogue takes place urgently. In the meantime, the RPA position remains unequivocal: the RPA is opposed to permanent cuts for our members.“From the outset of this crisis there has been an absolute disregard for the players and the values of the game. Players at some clubs are now being served with ultimatums and being put under undue pressure to sign amended contracts through the manufactured deadline of June 18th. To be clear, this is a totally unacceptable way to operate. Players are the lifeblood of the game and should be treated with respect. Players should not engage with this approach. The RPA will continue to fight for our members throughout this crisis.” RPA chairman Mark Lambert said: “Most of the players have already had temporary 25% pay cuts since March and April as a result of the unprecedented financial challenges exposed by Covid-19. PRL have been seeking agreement to reduce players’ wages permanently by 25% across all PRL clubs. This was unanimously rejected by the Players’ Board. Premiership Rugby agree salary cap cutAll 13 clubs in PRL – Premiership Rugby‘s administrative arm – have unanimously agreed to cut the league’s salary cap by £1.4m, bringing it down to £5m from the 2021-22 season. The reduction will be set until the end of the 2023-24 season. Then from 2024-25, the salary cap will return to a minimum of £6.4m.Other details of the salary cap changes include:Home-grown player credits will be retained up to £600,000.International and EPS player credits will be retained but limited to a maximum of £400,000.Season-long loans salary cap exemption will be removed.The academy ceiling will remain at £100,000 (this is for non-homegrown academy players) but the upper salary limit for an academy player will increase from £30,000 to £50,000. Homegrown academy players do not get counted in the £100,000.For any existing contracts that continue into the 2021-22 salary year, and beyond, their cap cost will be counted at 75% of their overall actual value, to sensibly manage the transition to new cap levels.Lord Myners’ salary cap review had suggested doing away with the ‘marquee player dispensation’ system, where two players’ salaries do not count towards the cap, but that will continue for the next two seasons.This will be reduced to just one player from the 2022-23 season, except for where a club has a current contract in place for two marquee players. In that scenario, both players may remain as ‘excluded players’ until the first of their current contracts expire.In all, this represents major change to the way Premiership clubs approach their cap allowance and on Wednesday the Rugby Players’ Association released a strongly-worded statement, speaking of their disappointment with a lack of input afforded to the players.The statement was released before details of salaries extending to 2021-22 and beyond counting at only 75% of their value in the cap, but there are still concerns from players that wages will be significantly affected by the changes. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALSlast_img read more

first_img Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. TAGSHydration Previous articleHow to Give Back this SummerNext articleMore Floridians preparing for a hurricane Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Please enter your comment! Please enter your name here Water quenches your thirst and cools you down on a hot day, but it also does it lot more for your body and overall health. Whether you’re sweating, breathing, or digesting, your body is constantly losing water. With advice from the fitness experts at Fit Body Boot Camp, one of the fastest growing fitness sensations in the country, you can learn why it’s important to always replenish and stay hydrated.1. Keep Body Fluids BalancedWater makes of 60% of your bodily fluids, which all have important jobs like digesting food, circulating oxygen, and regulating body temperature. Keeping your body hydrated ensures these fluids can do their job without any trouble.2. Eliminates Toxins and WasteWater keeps things moving through your system, working to flush waste products and toxins out of your cells.3. Energizes Your MusclesWhen your muscle cells lack fluid, they begin to shrivel and aren’t able to perform at their potential. Drink water throughout the day, before exercising, during a long workout, and after your workout to maintain adequate fluid levels in your muscles.4. Aids in Weight LossWater isn’t a magic weight loss pill, but it is part of the equation. Consuming water is zero calories, fills your stomach so you don’t feel as hungry, and high-water content foods, like fruits and vegetables, are healthier for you.5. Improves Your ComplexionYour skin contains water, and when it is parched it is more likely to develop wrinkles and fine lines. Sweating also rids toxins from your skin, and if you’re not hydrated the toxins and dirt build up within your skin.Fit Body Boot Camp is the world’s most popular and fastest growing indoor fitness boot camp franchise with more than 300 locations across North America, Europe and Australia. The unique fitness brand combines individualized training from certified personal trainers, specially created Afterburn workouts, and personalized nutritional guidance to help clients lose weight, gain muscle, and burn excess body fat. UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom last_img read more

first_imgCity to approve Westcliff rezoning, tackle loopholes that allow “stealth dorms” Kayley Ryanhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kayley-ryan/ Fort Worth recognized for growing music scene Kayley Ryanhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kayley-ryan/ Linkedin Previous articleAthletic Director Chris Del Conte departs TCU for same position with the University of TexasNext articleRecord-setting day for Ramirez leads Horned Frogs to victory Kayley Ryan RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR + posts Kayley Ryanhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kayley-ryan/ Abortion access threatened as restrictive bills make their way through Texas Legislature ReddIt Twitter Facebook Kayley Ryanhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kayley-ryan/ Linkedin Facebook printFifth-grader Abril Martinez earned her first bicycle by coming to class every day at Westcliff Elementary. Martinez is one of 21 kids at the school who have benefited from a program that rewards students for perfect attendance.The idea for “Wheels for Westcliff” began with Cathy Cushman, a former president of the Westcliff Parent Teacher Association.Cathy Cushman shows off a bike and helmet that a student with perfect attendance could receive. (Photo by Kayley Ryan)Cushman remembers riding her bike everywhere as a kid.“I used to put my feet on the handlebars, and you know you’d clip the cards…to the spokes, and you’d go clickety-clack, clickety-clack,” she said.Initially, Cushman said she planned to raise money and give bikes away as Christmas gifts. She proposed her idea to Gillaspie in the summer, who recommended they link the bike giveaway to attendance.“We have actually had it in our campus improvement plan to target improvement for our attendance rate, and it was something we needed to see improvement in,” Gillaspie said.With a goal in place, Cushman wrote a letter asking former and current parents, Westcliff members and neighborhood residents if they would be willing to donate to pay for one bicycle and a helmet.Cushman sends this letter out to Westcliff parents and residents asking for donations for bicycles and helmets. (Photo by Kayley Ryan)The response, Gillaspie said, was inspiring, “to see how people that are not really connected with us anymore but were in the past have such a heart to give.”Cushman said she runs all the donations through the Westcliff PTA.She and a friend buy the bikes and helmets with the money raised, load them up in her husband’s pickup and bring them to the school.Every Friday, students receive gold stickers acknowledging their perfect attendance, Cushman said.At the end of six weeks, Gillaspie lines up seven bikes on the stage in an assembly and calls out the names of seven children who have been selected from those with perfect attendance.“The kids go wild,” Gillaspie said. “You can hear cheering coming from different hallways when we call the names out.”Fifth-grader Martinez said she was surprised when she heard her name.Students who earned new bikes said their parents were proud of them for their perfect attendance. (Photo by Kayley Ryan)“I have never gotten a bike, so I was so happy,” she said.Now, she rides her bike every day.“I do my homework, and I go to ride my bike in the park,” she said.Students like Martinez reaffirm Cushman’s calling to give back to a school where her own children attended back in the 1980s, Cushman said.“This is an economically disadvantaged school, so the kids—there’s a big need,” she said.But Cushman said the school rewards all students with perfect attendance, not just those who didn’t already have bikes.“Who wouldn’t want a brand new bike?” she said.Second-grader Vivica Lopez said her parents were proud of her when she received her new bike, which replaced two she had before: the first she gave to her sister, and the second was lost.Third-grader Makayla Ford’s old bike had a flat tire. Now, she can ride up and down her street on her new purple bike, she said.Fifth-grader Itzel Lopez said she can race her brothers better on her bike now than she ever could on foot.When her parents learned she received a bike, Lopez said, “They were happy for me, and they said, ‘We’re proud of you.’”Seeing students take pride in their perfect attendance is rewarding for the teachers, too, Gillaspie said.Principal Sara Gillaspie said she loves sharing the story of how Cushman started the bike giveaway at the school. (Photo by Kayley Ryan)“We’ve even had teachers come down in tears of joy to share that moment with their students,” she said.Gillaspie said she’s invited Cushman and her husband to come watch them give the bikes away.“I love being able to share with the children the story of how Mrs. Cushman just wanted to give bikes away and how this whole idea has come about,” Gillaspie said. “The children just break out into applause when I tell them, and Mrs. Cushman stands up.”Gillaspie said she’s grateful for the 21 bikes Cushman’s partnership with the school has brought already.“I never dreamed it would be that many,” Gillaspie said. Fort Worth set to elect first new mayor in 10 years Saturday ReddIt $800 million bond looks to expand JPS medical and behavioral health facilities Kayley Ryan Grains to grocery: One bread maker brings together farmers and artisans at locally-sourced store Twitter 10th-annual Frogstock features student-led musiclast_img read more

first_imgNews Receive email alerts Organisation President Kenyatta signs into law the Computer and Cybercrimes Act, 2018. source: capitalfm.co.ke Follow the news on Kenya News November 27, 2020 Find out more Online defamation and fake news are punishable by long jail terms under Kenya’s new Computer and Cybercrimes Act, which President Uhuru Kenyatta signed into law on 16 May. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns its disproportionate penalties as a threat to press freedom. June 13, 2019 Find out more Help by sharing this information to go further Newscenter_img RSF_en Covid-19 in Africa: RSF joins a coalition of civil society organizations to demand the release of imprisoned journalists on the continent The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa April 6, 2020 Find out more Reports If journalists are convicted of online defamation under the new law, they could be sentenced to up to ten years in prison and fined the equivalent of 42,000 euros, while the intentional publication of false information that “constitutes hate speech” or “negatively affect reputations of others” is punishable by up to two years in prison.“No journalists should incur a prison sentence for defamation,” said Arnaud Froger, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “These penalties are disproportionate and are designed solely toput pressure on bloggers and journalists. This latest turn of the screw on Kenya’s media will increase the control that the authorities exercise over online publications.”Approved by Kenya’s parliament on 26 April, the Computer and Cybercrimes Act was signed into law despite warnings from media associations that it posed a threat to the freedom to inform. Media Council CEO David Omwoyo warned on 11 May that it “may be abused by state authorities to curtail media freedom.”This is not the first time that Kenya has adopted a law designed to intimidate journalists. The Media Council Act that parliament passed in 2013 allows the government to censor critical media outlets by threatening them with closure and exorbitant fines. And the authorities issued a series of directives to journalists ahead of the 2017 elections that included an outright ban on reporting the results.Kenya is ranked 96th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. KenyaAfrica Protecting journalistsMedia independence Judicial harassmentFreedom of expressionCitizen-journalistsInternet May 18, 2018 Kenya’s journalists can now get ten years in prison for defamation Kenyan media group trolled by pro-ruling party activists KenyaAfrica Protecting journalistsMedia independence Judicial harassmentFreedom of expressionCitizen-journalistsInternet last_img read more

first_imgColumnsExtraordinary Situations Demands Extraordinary Initiatives From Legal Community Shobha Gupta13 April 2020 9:47 PMShare This – xExtraordinary situations demands extraordinary initiatives. The legal fraternity has to act together and serve the society not as a lawyer, not as a judge but as part of the society. Much has been written about Covid-19 and its consequences. Apparently, as on date, lockdown and self-quarantine seems to be the only way out to avoid spread of the infection from one to many and from becoming…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginExtraordinary situations demands extraordinary initiatives. The legal fraternity has to act together and serve the society not as a lawyer, not as a judge but as part of the society. Much has been written about Covid-19 and its consequences. Apparently, as on date, lockdown and self-quarantine seems to be the only way out to avoid spread of the infection from one to many and from becoming a community transmitted disease, the third stage, as the expert say. India is observing 21 days nationwide lockdown since March 24th midnight, which in all probabilities is likely to be extended further. Those who are capable financially have stocked their ration, medicines, fruits, vegetables and other necessary items of their daily need in sufficient quantity and now they mainly have to be worried that they do not catch the infection, but majority of our citizens have to worry on many fronts than only being worried not to get infected.We all have been witnessing the post lockdown crisis, the poorest amongst us, the migrant workers, daily wage earners, construction workers, domestic workers etc. are the worst affected. For a big percentage of our population, who are otherwise on animal existence, it is just a survival issue. They are more worried about the basic two time meal than the fear of infection. When most of us are fighting our personal battle to combat boredom of sitting at home and make sure that we are maintaining social distancing, avoiding coming out from our houses, learning news ways to be cheerful, we see the other india struggling to stay out of poverty. For them social distancing and maintaining hygiene is a luxuray.Our doctors and health workers are facing shortage of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and quarantine facility after attenting the victims of Covid-19. It is saddening that in many areas the doctors are not getting the basics. We see the reports from Madhya Pradesh where the doctors are sleeping in their cars just to avoid infection to their family members.It is true that both Central and State goverments are doing their bit whatever they can and would love to assume that they are doing their best. The civil society as they always do, in any such circumstance, are again at their best and trying to reach out to each one in need, but as we know that is not an easy task to do or an easy goal to achieve.The members of the legal community, including the judges, are the most influential segment of the society. Among us, we have best brains in the country, people who have one to one contacts with policy makers and politicians. The legal infrastrure, from capital city to the taluk level is all pervading, literally an independent parallel hierarchy of legal governance. Despite such huge infrastructure, are we doing enough to combat the ills of the society? It is time that we the judges and lawyers to come out as one to serve the society in all possible manner in this unprecedented crises. We must realise that we are falling way short of fulfilling our duties as a part of the society , if we feel contended by filing some Public Interest Petitions, by holding some urgent hearings, by making the courts functional by way of video conferencing and by passing some urgent and very important orders. I do not mean to say that all that is not important or not relevant or not required to be done, but we cannot allow ourselves to sit quiet by just doing that alone.In this unprecedented crisis , when the areas of concern are multifocal, the efforts of government alone would not be sufficient. We should collectively offer ourselves to the service of society, Contribution of money to the Prime Minister or Chief Minister Relief Funds is one of the welcome move, but we also need to collectively work to distribute dry ration and cooked food to the people in desperate needs . Indeed, supply is happening in many parts of the country but there are many areas without any checks and balances. Since the poverty is the biggest crisis, we should take the supply of ration as a mission. We the lawyers, being privileged members of the society, should call up the officers of local governments and enquire about the food safety measures in the respective areas. As on date, the ration distribution work is being done by the state governments as well as various civil society groups. Few Supreme Court Lawyers are involved in collecting funds and distributing dry ration and cooked food, but the experience of the group shows that the ration distribution is completely unorganised, nobody knows the exact areas of need and who all are supplying. There is complete lack of coordination of teams available on ground, there should be a mechanism to keep a tab on various sources of supplies to avoid duplication. As time would pass, supply of requisite medicines and other basic necessities at various households including the cooking gas cylinders would be another concern. In coming days there would be hard pressing need for cash for a particular section of the society for their survival. We the fraternity, should now must play both our roles, that is our role as judges and lawyers in courts and simultaneously our role as a responsible citizens of the country by fielding ourselves on ground.The Supreme Court recently got a brand new state of art building and the lawyers have got the chamber building just across the road of the Supreme Court , where the possession of the chambers yet not given to the lawyers. These are huge structures which are lying empty. supreme court and the lawyers body can offer major portions of these buildings to be used for quarantine centres and also for accommodation for the doctors who are on duty for corona patients. The Allahabad High Court has recently offered its guest house for providing accommodation to Doctors who are not permitted to go home. Two of their kitchens are functional to provide cooked food to needy persons through district administration. This is very welcome initiative by the Allahabad High court. The supreme court, high courts and district courts canteens can be opened for providing cooked food. This would help the canteen employees as well. The courts can also offer their vans for transporting cooked food and ration and some of their official cars to help the hospitals in picking and dropping their doctors. We as a nation will have to think for another 6 months as crises period and need to put all our resources together for its best utilisation to fight out and win this battle. Together we can, we shall and we will.Views are personal Only. (Author is a practicing advocate of Supreme Court of India) Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

first_imgHomepage BannerNews WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Donegal man who assaulted police officers to pay compensation A Donegal man who assaulted two police officers while being taken to Altnagelvin Hospital for treatment has been ordered to pay £1000 in compensation.22 year old Damian Robert Finlay of Caislain Court, Castlefin admitted two charges of assault on police and one charge of criminal damage on May 28th.The court was told ambulance crews asked for police assistance as they were treating a man with a head injury.They came across Damian Robert Finlay who was ‘covered in blood’ and who was refusing treatment.The Donegal man was taken to Altnegelvin hospital and while in the police van he kicked the door continuously and spat blood covering the inside of the vehicle.The Court head that while being led into the hospital Finlay headbutted an officer so limb restraints were applied.When in the treatment room he spat blood at an officer.Defence barrister Stephen Chapman said it was ‘outrageous behaviour’ from a man who had ‘a significant record.’District Judge Barney McElholm said that spitting on another human being was both ‘disgusting and dangerous’.The 22 year old was sentenced to five months in prison suspended for three years and ordered to pay the two officers £501 each. Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Previous articlePotential tourism uses for Old Courthouse being exploredNext articleTip O’Neill 2018 Award recipients honoured News Highland Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme center_img Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Google+ Facebook WhatsApp By News Highland – September 15, 2018 Facebook Pinterest Pinterest Google+ Community Enhancement Programme open for applicationslast_img read more

first_img Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. With predictions that about 60 million people in the US and Europe will beworking remotely one day a week by 2004, HR is going to have to get to gripswith, and set an example by using some of the technologies that make mobile andremote working feasible: ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line A broadband (high bandwidth) line that allows you to transmit digitalinformation about 10 times faster than traditional 56k modems. It provides an‘always on’ link to the internet and does not require the user to dial-up viaan ISP each time they go online. Relevance: Anyone working from home will benefit from an ADSLconnection to the internet – it is faster and a flat monthly usage fee allowsyou to control costs. Blackberry A hand-held computer that has personal digital assistant (PDA) functionalitybut tends to be seen as a mobile e-mail device. Relevance: Dead handy due to the availability of software that willforward incoming e-mails from your individual e-mail account to Blackberry forremote access. If you reply using Blackberry, it sends a copy to your e-mailaccount. Bluetooth A short-range wireless specification that allows computers, PDAs and mobilephones to talk to each other. Devices must incorporate a Bluetooth transceiverchip. Relevance: You can probably live without Bluetooth, but it is handyfor synchronising info on PDAs and laptops. If you want fully co-ordinatedmobile and desktop devices, it’s a gem. HotSync Connects a palm handheld computer to a desktop or laptop PC using either aphysical cable or a wireless connection. Relevance: As well as synching, it also allows palm owners to shareresources across various devices. Tablet PC A wireless PC that performs the function of traditional notebook and alaptop. You can write on it with a digital pen or stylus, rather than inputtingdata, and a keyboard can also be attached. Relevance: Why key in when you can write with a pen? Fear not, yourhand-written digital scribbles can be revised. Wi-Fi Snappy abbreviation of Wireless Fidelity. A wireless local area network(LAN) that can be used in place of a wired LAN. In the news recently as it ispossible for outsiders to access your network and surf the net for free (youhave probably heard of the associated term ‘warchalking’). Relevance: With an increasing number of public wi-fi hotspots atairports and hotel lobbies, wi-fi offers lots of potential for hooking up tothe internet and liberating otherwise dead time. e-HR glossary: a cut-out-and-keep guideOn 7 Oct 2003 in Personnel Todaylast_img read more

first_imgA multi-year, all-season time series of water column physical properties and sea ice conditions in Ryder Bay, at the western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP), is used to assess the effects on the ocean of varying ice cover. Reduced ice cover leads to increased mixing and heat loss in the winter. The reduction in stratification persists into the following summer, preconditioning the water column to a greater vertical extent of surface-driven mixing. This leads to an increased amount of heat from insolation being mixed down, affecting approximately the top 100m. The increased heat uptake in summer exceeds the heat lost the preceding winter, giving the initially counter-intuitive effect that enhanced winter cooling generates warmer temperatures in the following summer and autumn. This process is therefore a positive feedback on sea ice, as reduced sea ice leads to increased heat content in the ocean the following autumn. It also causes increased winter atmospheric temperatures due to the increased winter heat loss from the ocean. In the deeper part of the water column, heat and carbon stored in the Circumpolar Deep Water (CDW) layer are released by deep mixing events. At these depths, conditions are restored by advection and vertical mixing on multi-year timescales. In recent years, stronger deep mixing events in winter have led to a persistent reduction in CDW temperatures at the study site. Ocean glider data demonstrate the representativeness of these results across the wider region of Marguerite Bay, within which Ryder Bay is situated.last_img read more