Green compost materials, such as fresh plant products, kitchen fruit and vegetable waste, coffee grounds and tea bags, provide nitrogen.Westerfield says to include more brown items than green. The ratio should be 3 to 1. Don’t add meats, bones, grease or other animal-based food waste. They can smell bad and attract rodents.Materials should be added in layers, alternating brown and green. A pile of compost can take three weeks to six months to process, depending on the care. Adding fresh material to a pile can cause the process to take longer. The key to composting is to keep the pile moist and to allow for air flow. “The composting cycle will work faster if the pile is kept moist and turned frequently,” he said. “The more you agitate the pile the faster it will compost.” Rain water and turning the pile a few times a month should maintain moisture. Water should be added only to keep the pile moist, not wet.“It is nice to have two or three bins so you can have several stages of compost,” he said. Westerfield suggests removing finished compost from a pile and keeping it contained in a separate bin for use. “Some people are disappointed because they fill the bin up and when it becomes compost, they end up with 10 to 20 percent of what they put in,” he said. “As it biodegrades, its volume drastically reduces.”Fertilizer can be added to the pile. A little 10-10-10, as well as a few scoops of garden soil, are suggested. Don’t add lime to the mixture. Another option in composting is vermicomposting, which uses worms to help break down the organic waste. While composting provides organic material valuable to plants, most people view composting as a form of recycling. In many counties, landfills no longer accept green materials. “It’s a way to recycle waste and save money by producing a product from trash you would otherwise have to buy,” Westerfield said. (April Sorrow is a news editor for the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.) By April SorrowUniversity of GeorgiaComposting not only saves water in landscapes and gardens, it creates plant food from trash, says a University of Georgia expert. “Incorporating finished compost mulch into vegetable garden beds or plant beds amends the soil and allows water and air to filter through the soil better,” said Bob Westerfield, UGA Cooperative Extension horticulturist. “There is not as much run off and the nutrients infiltrate better.” Using nearly-finished compost as mulch helps plants retain moisture and prevent weeds.“Organic fertilizers make the plants healthier,” Westerfield said. “And, when they are healthier they require less water.” Compost is decomposed organic matter used as a soil conditioner and fertilizer. In heavy clay soils, compost reduces compaction, helps increase aeration and helps water better infiltrate the soil. In sandy soils, it helps the soil retain both water and nutrients.Compost is made from a mix of brown and green organic materials. Brown compost materials may include dry, dead plant materials, autumn leaves, dried grass clippings, shredded paper and wood chips. These provide carbon.
Popularly known as RMD, Richard Mofe-Damijo was born July 6, 1961. He is a Nigerian journalist, actor, politician and lawyer. He was the Commissioner for Culture and Tourism in Delta State, between 2009 and 2015.Mofe-Damijo who was born in Warri, Delta State, attended Midwest College, Warri and Anglican Grammar School and was a member of the Drama Club. He enrolled into the University of Benin where he studied Theatre Arts.RMD has featured in several top-notch soaps and films such as Ripples, Out of Bounds, Three Wise Men, Oloibiri and Hush.A multiple award winner, RMD in 2005, won the Best Actor in a Leading Role at the maiden edition of the African Movie Academy Awards. He is the face of Globacom’s powerful television commercials which celebrated the company’s ground-breaking launch of Nigeria’s first nationwide mobile 4G LTE network.Mimi Fawaz and Richard Mofe-Damijo will complement the glamorous event known as the Oscars of African football and scheduled for the night on 5th January, 2017 at the International Conference Centre, Abuja.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Sports journalist, premium show host and presenter of Sports 360 on Vox Africa, Mimi Fawaz and Nollywood legend, Richard Mofe-Damijo (RMD) have been confirmed as the official comperes of the 2016 Glo-CAF Awards.A graduate of City University of London, Mimi who is half-Nigerian (her mother is from Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria) and half-Lebanese, has worked for CNN, ESPN and ITV Television networks.Described as the ‘driving force behind UK’s first original African football show’, Mimi has successfully carved a niche for herself in a field dominated by men.Mimi is delighted by the opportunity extended to her to host the show and has promised Africa and the rest of the world a spectacular delivery.
As students poured onto the streets of Los Angeles and immigrants’ activists from California to Kentucky amassed on the Capitol steps, a key Senate panel on Monday approved legislation opening the door for millions of illegal immigrants to seek U.S. citizenship. The Senate Judiciary Committee passed the bill 12-6, setting the stage for the next immigration showdown this week on the Senate floor. Passage came after an intense, daylong debate in which lawmakers rejected some of the get-tough measures aimed at illegal immigrants in favor of one that would allow up to 400,000 low-skilled foreigners into the country annually and let them stay in the U.S. while applying for green cards. Lawmakers also approved an amendment by Sen. Dianne Feinstein permitting as many as 1.5 million illegal farmworkers to obtain legal permanent residency over five years and, ultimately, citizenship. “This bill is a lot more realistic and sensible than the bill the House passed,” said Rep. Howard Berman, D-Van Nuys. “The Senate floor is the next key test.” Opponents of illegal immigration, meanwhile, blasted the bill, saying it amounted to amnesty. “No plan with amnesty and a massive increase in foreign workers will pass the House,” vowed Rep. Tom Tancredo, R-Colo. “Americans want enforcement first.” In passing a bill, the committee met a deadline set by Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn. Frist had threatened to bring up legislation that dealt only with border enforcement and sidestepped the issue of America’s estimated 11 million illegal immigrants if Chairman Arlen Specter had not completed a measure by midnight Monday. The main struggle Monday focused on finding common ground between competing guest worker programs. Ultimately, Republicans splintered and four supported a measure by Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., that would allow illegal immigrants to apply for temporary status for six years and eventually citizenship. Lawmakers rejected a countermeasure by Sen. John Kyle, R-Ariz., and John Cornyn, R-Texas, that would have required undocumented immigrants to leave the country before applying for any guest worker program. “The country has spoken, and today the Senate listened,” Kennedy said. While Kennedy maintained illegal immigrants would have to go to the “back of the line” to wait for temporary or permanent legal status, Kyle called that description disingenuous. Whether Frist intends to proceed with his bill remains unclear. “We voted out a bill. I think that’s a good day’s work,” Specter said. “I’m optimistic we’ll be able to work it through.” Feinstein’s farmworker measure, which stems from a bill called AgJobs that Berman authored in the House, would allow workers to apply for a “blue card” if they can demonstrate they worked in agriculture for at least 150 days between 2003 and 2005. That person could then apply to become a legal permanent resident if they can prove they worked in agriculture an additional 150 days per year for three years, or 100 days per year for five years. “It will provide the agriculture industry with a legal workforce and offer agriculture workers a path to citizenship,” said Feinstein, whose amendment passed 11-5. The committee also passed Feinstein amendments adding border agents and criminalizing border tunnels. Sparked by the discovery earlier this year of a tunnel running from San Diego to Tijuana, the bill would impose a 20-year prison sentence for anyone who builds such a tunnel, and 10 years imprisonment for anyone who recklessly allows their property to be used for that purpose. Meanwhile, outside the Capitol, hundreds of clergy and immigrant activists from across the country gathered to protest the House bill, which passed in December and makes being an illegal immigrant a felony offense. Any bill that passes the Senate will have to be reconciled with that measure. “I think it’s unfair,” said Christina Estrada, 18, of El Monte, rallying with other students from Georgetown University. Illegal immigrants, she said, “are the ones that fuel the economy further.” Angie Bonilla, 18, of Rialto, also a Georgetown University student, said her parents came to the United States illegally from El Salvador. While they now are American citizens, she said, many of their friends and relatives remain illegal immigrants. “I think they should be given the right to live and work here,” she said. “I don’t think they should be threatened or have to live here without any rights.” As activists sang, waved flags and chanted “We are America,” clergy members slapped handcuffs on themselves to protest the House bill. Father Marco Ortiz of Divine Savior Church in Cypress Park said he felt it was important to be in Washington for the debate. He said he wants to see Congress pass something “realistic” that, he said, “would help a group of people who are waiting for a chance to make a difference in this country and never meant to be a problem.” [email protected] (202) 662-8731 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!