Top Stories’Question Of Cooperative Federalism; Kerala Police Can’t Examine Correctness Of ED Investigation’ : Solicitor General Tells High Court LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK31 March 2021 12:47 AMShare This – xOpposing the FIR registered by Kerala police against the Enforcement Directorate, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta on Wednesday submitted before the Kerala High Court that “law never contemplated a situation where one investigation agency is investigating the correctness of another investigating agency”.He was arguing the petition filed by P Radhakrishnan, Deputy Director of ED Kochi Zone…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginOpposing the FIR registered by Kerala police against the Enforcement Directorate, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta on Wednesday submitted before the Kerala High Court that “law never contemplated a situation where one investigation agency is investigating the correctness of another investigating agency”.He was arguing the petition filed by P Radhakrishnan, Deputy Director of ED Kochi Zone seeking to quash the FIR registered by Kerala Police Crime Branch against “unnamed ED officials” for allegedly coercing gold smuggling accused Swapna Suresh to give incriminating statements against Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan and other Ministers.During the hearing today, Tushar Mehta started submissions stating that at the outset, this is a question of wider implication, not just a question of quashing FIR, as it raises “question of cooperative federalism”. A Central Agency(ED) is investigating offences under PMLA, along with Customs and NIA.He added that ED has collected evidence and presented report before the Court, and Local police has also started investigating whether ED’s investigation is correct or not.According to SG Mehta, the first question that arises is that of “cooperative federalism” and what will the repercussion be if this permitted.”A central agency is investigating a case in a state. A potential accused, who is powerful, whether politician or a bureaucrat, is influencing local police to register case against the central agency. If that is the law, no free and fair investigation will be possible.” Mehta saidMehta further submitted that there are certain shocking facts which will shake the conscience of the court.The Kerala Police investigation is a complete ‘abuse of process of law’, which is a ground for the High Court for the interfere under Sec 482.The law, the CrPC, never contemplated a situation where one investigation agency is investigating the correctness of another investigating agency. Justice V G Arun then asked SG Mehta if he’s arguing that the law makers never contemplated such a situation.Solicitor General responded by saying this is an absurd situation and what the local police is now doing is tampering with evidence, which is now before the Court which has taken cognizance.Solicitor General asked if a counter-FIR can be registered against Kerala Police for fabricating evidence.”If their FIR is correct, my FIR will also be correct. Abuse of process of law is so flagrant and so manifest that your lordship’s power under Article 226 read with Section 482 CrPC has to be invoked.” Mehta remarkedSG submitted that the lady, Swapna Suresh, who was in the custody of ED from August 5 to August 17, 2020, has never complained of coercion. The allegation in the impugned FIR is that on 13th August, two lady officers saw that in their presence, she was pressurized to give the statement.”From the recording of a judicial order I can show that the FIR is fabricated.” SG arguedReferring to a remand order which records Swapna’s allegation that she was tortured in ED custody without the presence of women officers, SG Mehta submitted that Kerala police has now said that lady officers were there to protect her.”The FIR says evidence has been fabricated. That is with respect to my evidence on which the Court has taken cognizance. Now another agency will examine if my evidence is correct!” SG remarkedSG further said that Swapna Suresh had said on August 14 that she had no complaints and her only complaint was that no lady officers were present. However, Kerala police FIR says women officers were there, who saw she being pressurized.”Truth has a strange way of coming out. The draftsman of the FIR forgot that the lady(Swapna Suresh) told the Court next day that no lady officers were there, and FIR is now registered on the basis of statements of two lady officers!.” SG stated.At this point, Justice Arun asked SG Mehta if statement of Swapna’s counsel could mean that there was no lady officer from ED.Solicitor General responded by saying that the woman has made no complaint that she was pressurized. She(Swapna) meant that as a woman she was alone, and no lady officer, whether from ED or local police was there.Referring to a statement in the FIR saying that it was registered on the basis of legal opinion, SG Mehta argued that the correct legal opinion should have been, since the allegation is relating to evidence which is before a court, it is only that court which can take cognizance of pressurizing.SG argued that only the Special Judge, PMLA Court can look at the evidence and direct prosecution of the ED officials. But before the any action has been taken by the Court, the local police is now saying that ED’s evidence is fabricated. This is nothing but a malicious case.”My respectful submission is that this can be done only by the Special Judge at the end of the trial. You cannot have a second agency take a second guess at the investigation of another agency, which is placed before a competent court.” SG Mehta submittedSG further added “In every investigation, there will be an allegation in trial that the evidence is fabricated. Will it be rule of law if another agency examines that before the court has had a look on it? It is antithetical to rule of law and constitution.”SG Mehta stated that the lady had several opportunities before a neutral forum and did not have to wait for a lady officer to come with an audio recording to say this. Nowhere, whether directly or indirectly, she has given any statement that she was pressurized. She is not an illiterate lady without any legal assistance.Referring to Court’s findings while refusing bail to Swapna Suresh, SG Mehta stated that her counsel never argued that she was pressurized to give statements.”Two invisible lady constables have given the statement! This is the minimum you’ll check in a genuine preliminary enquiry.” SG Mehta remarked.Justice VG Arun observed that he is convinced that neither this lady nor the other accused have raised any complaint of harassment or compulsion at any point whether before the special judge or this court.Justice VG Arun : I am convinced that neither this lady nor the other accused have raised any complaint of harassment or compulsion at any point whether before the special judge or this court.#KeralaHighCourt #ED #KeralaPolice— Live Law (@LiveLawIndia) March 31, 2021 Solicitor General added that even in the statement of Swapna recorded by the Customs before the Magistrate under Section 164, she has not raised any complaint of coercion.”Please see the path which Kerala Police has taken. Not only they will destroy my evidence(ED), but also Customs case and NIA case.” SG stated.”Your lordships have several contemporaneous records, judicial proceedings, which are now sought to be overturned, on a farcical preliminary enquiry, based on statements of “invisible lady officers” SG remarked.SG added that the correct legal opinion should have been to approach the Special Court which has taken cognizance of the matter. If this sort of FIR is allowed, a central agency will not be able to do fair and fearless investigation in a State. This is the wider question.Solicitor General added “This is barred by law. One investigating agency cannot nullify the investigation by another agency.The concept of cooperative federalism is that state and central agencies act in tandem against perpetrators of crime, and not nullify each other.”SG concluded by stating that this is a situation where an investigation agency is saying that the investigation is destroyed and the FIR is illegal and violates even Article 21.Additional Solicitor General SV Raju, who took over the arguments from the SG, submitted before the Court that by invoking Section 116 IPC, the FIR itself admits that no offence is made out as 116 can be invoked only if the offence is not committed. Therefore, there is an admission that offence has not been committed.ASG Raju stated that there is not a whisper in the FIR that an incorrect document has been framed. The ingredients of Section 167 IPC are also not made out. “FIR is vague. It has nothing. Neither head or tail. It makes out no offence.” ASG remarked. The petition was filed by P Radhakrishnan, Deputy Director of ED Kochi Zone seeking to quash the FIR registered by Kerala Police Crime Branch against “unnamed ED officials” for offences under Sections 116, 120B, 167, 192, 193 and 195A of the Indian Penal Code.In its FIR, the Crime Branch accused officials of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) of coercing gold smuggling accused Swapna Suresh into implicating the Chief Minister and other ‘influential’ government officials in the gold smuggling case and connected cases.At the hearing last week, the bench ordered that no coercive action be taken against the ED official till the next date of hearing.During the course of proceedings last week, the ASG SV Raju had argued for the ED that the FIR was frivolous, vexatious, and baseless.He had submitted that Section 195(1)(b)(i) of the Code of Criminal Procedure barred taking cognizance of offences connected with and in relation to court proceedings except on a complaint made on behalf of the concerned court.”Therefore, we argue that cognizance could not have been taken on this FIR as the matter relates to an offence connected to and in relation to a court proceeding”, he submitted.On this count, ASG Raju pointed out that Section 195A of the Code of Criminal Procedure used the term complaint as opposed to FIR when prescribing a procedure to institute proceedings for Section 195A IPC offences. On Monday, the Kerala Government filed a counter affidavit in the case before the High Court. In its counter, the Kerala Government charges the ED that it had ulterior motives in filing the writ petition and publishing statements made by the various accused during the course of its investigation into the gold smuggling scam and its various manifestations.The hearing is in progress. Live Updates can be followed hereSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
The Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies presented a lecture on Friday by associate professor of Irish Literature and Language Sarah McKibben on the queering of early modern Irish colonial encounters with the English.“Queering early modern Ireland … provides a common grammar of disparate material in multiple languages that has not heretofore been read together or understood as part of the same political dynamic,” McKibben said. “It discloses the common motivations of heretofore isolated genres, such as love poetry and so-called political poetry, … offers new insights into familiar material, recovers an Irish iteration of what has long been grasped in contemporaneous England … and enables new forms of comparison and offers an early model of a pattern and process found elsewhere.“By in turn queering modern Ireland, that is unsettling and perturbing it, reading it athwart and critiquing prior assumptions to discern the non-heteronormative nature of its very texts, encounters and ideologies across discursive communities, we can recover a lost cultural logic of the period.”McKibben said the male-male bonding typical of a male-dominated society, though it may not have all been considered homosexual, was identified and observed in some of the works from author Gerald of Wales, whose propaganda-laced works depicted the Irish harshly for being homosexual, among other things.“Put simply, colonialism queers pre-existing male homosocial bonding, that is, it dislocates, unsettles, spoils, renders strange native homosocial bonding,” she said. “Because such bonding is so central to native Irish society … this prompts a correspondingly vehement response that shapes early modern anti-colonial rhetoric and lives on in the Irish.”Years later, once Irish resistance to English colonialism had begun to boil over, Irish poets turned against the English through their own literary works, which McKibben said was a return, “back to Gerald, but viewed from the other side.”The Irish resistors wrote “acts of violence as the underlying truth, …‘The English are treacherous, not to be trusted, and when they offer bonds of friendship, you should not be misled.’”Tags: colonial encounters, early modern Irish, Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies, queering, Sarah McKibben
The past few months have been one of the most challenging times I’ve faced in my adult life. Back in March, when our school system announced that schools would be closed for two weeks due to the coronavirus, I remember panicking about what I would do with my kids for two weeks while I worked. Little did I know that almost four months later they would still be home!Don’t get me wrong. I love my kids. I love spending time with them, but on my schedule. Suddenly becoming a full-time, stay-at-home mom and teacher in addition to working full time was a recipe for disaster. And that’s pretty much how it played out. My husband and I struggled to balance our three kids’ different Zoom calls and assignments with our businesses. There were no breaks. When I would take a short break from work to get some lunch or tea, I would have three kids hanging on me asking for snacks or complaining about their siblings.We were exhausted. My well-planned, organized, compartmentalized life was suddenly turned upside down. Of course, I was grateful that we are all healthy and well during the pandemic. But the everyday reality of the struggles and challenges was really taking its toll. About three months in, I remember saying to my husband that if I didn’t have a break, I think I might have a breakdown.You get the picture. And perhaps you can relate. It’s times like these that I remember why it is so important to take care of myself and give myself a break. But that has been hard during the pandemic when you can’t go anywhere or meet up with anyone. I was exhausted and struggling to be my best self. continue reading » 1SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
Hearts of Oaks defender, Nuru Sulley has returned home from Egypt after only a few days stay in the Arabian land.Nuru who arrived in Ghana on Sunday night is hoping that issues involving his move from Hearts would be resolved amicably and on time so he will finally join the exodus bandwagon. The defender had to return home upon the request of Accra Hearts of Oak who are yet to receive the transfer fee for the Stalwart Ghana defender.The defender disclosed. “I am back home upon the request of Hearts of Oak because there are issues surrounding my transfer which has not been dealt with. The transfer fee involved has not been paid to Hearts though I have had my share already. “The Egyptians want to pay $100,000 which is less than the $130,000 we originally agreed on with the Libyan club so Hearts objected it so I had to come back home whilst things are sorted out”. Libyan cub, Al-Nasr who agreed on a $130,000 transfer fee with Hearts but has had to loan the defender to El Geish in the Egyptian Premier League because of the postponement of the Libyan League due to violence in that region. The Federation of Libyan Football postponed the Libyan domestic football league until January 2015 following ongoing armed violence in the North African country. The new season was supposed to commence in August but fighting between rebel factions in the capital, Tripoli and Benghazi have made arrangements impossible. The general assembly of the body set for August 18 in Bayda, eastern Libya, was also suspended until further notice.Hearts are said to have recalled the defender because it had not received its share of the transfer fee involved in the transfer of their defender.