PBA IMAGESSeeking to improve its standing in the 2018 PBA D-League Aspirants’ Cup, AMA Online Education signed up veteran big man Jay-R Taganas and hardworking forward Michael Cañete.The two, together with former Centro Escolar University big man Joseph Celso, will all be making their season debuts for the Titans against Marinerong Pilipino on Monday.ADVERTISEMENT Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Returning to AMA this conference, the 41-year-old Taganas is hoping to recapture his thunder after emerging as a solid double-double machine in the developmental ranks and setting the league record for most rebounds at 29 back in 2015.He last suited up for Tanduay in the 2017 Foundation Cup and is currently playing for Bulacan Kuyas in the MPBL.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkCañete, meanwhile, has been recalled to the team after missing its last two games. He averaged 21.0 points, 9.0 rebounds in the Titans’ first two games this conference.Their arrival is just the latest in coach Mark Herrera’s big roster moves after he signed up collegiate studs Robbie Manalang, Arvin Tolentino, and Kyles Lao this past week. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Nueva Ecija warehouse making fake cigarettes raided, 29 Chinese workers nabbed Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award AMA is currently among the bottom teams this conference with a 1-3 card.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Sea turtle trapped in net freed in Legazpi City GALLERY: Barangay Ginebra back as PBA Governors’ Cup kings LATEST STORIES UK plans Brexit celebrations but warns businesses may suffer Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano MOST READ NU takes down La Salle in 5 sets, stays undefeated View comments
The negative vibration of the deadly Ebola Virus Disease in Liberia has dealt another blow to league champions, FC BYC.After CAF ordered Liberian representatives to seek home-grounds outside Liberia and Mali FA agreed and the Malians have now decided that FC BYC is not welcome to play their second leg match against Real De Banjul.n its attempt to support football despite the virus, CAF worked with the LFA to secure the Malian offer but now it is over.And five days to the return leg on Sunday, March 1, in Bamako, Mali — the Mali Football Federation (MFA) has informed the Liberia Football Association of its inability to host the game, without any tangible reason, that has left the LFA frustrated and angry, since it appeared CAF has agreed to it.The Malian FA could only say, “We sincerely regret any inconvenience that this cancellation may cause,” in a letter signed by its Secretary General Yacouba S. Traore.When contacted Secretary General Alphonso Armah said the LFA has officially communicated to CAF about the position of the Malian Football Federation.Armah said the LFA is in search of another neutral ground, but could not name the possible country that would agree for the match.The Liberian champions have since been in the country under going intensive preparation while they are waiting for the next neutral ground to lock horns with Real de Banjul.It may be recalled that two weeks ago, FC BYC was forced to an entertaining 1-1 draw at the KG5 Mini-Stadium, in Banjul, The Gambia.It was the first leg of the CAF Club Champions match and The Blues (BYC) took a 3rd minute lead through striker Lamine Jabateh.In the 83rd minute, Banjul’s hitman Modou Sawo leveled the tally.Meanwhile, Liberia’s second representative which participated in the CAF Confederation Cup was eliminated on a 4-3 aggregate.In the 2nd leg in Bamako, Fassell’s hitman Vitalis Sie’s hat-trick was not enough to see Fassell through to the next round.The debutant scored three times, but sluggish defense denied them the chance to advance to the next round, drawing 3-3 with Guinean side Horoya AC.The results means FC Fassell is out of the competition with the Guinean side going through on a 4-3 goals’ aggregate having won the first leg 1-0.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
“I felt good,” Mickelson said. “You know, I hit some good shots, and I was able to shoot a good round. But it’s a little humbling to shoot what I thought was a good round and then get lapped by three (shots).” It was even more humbling to know that Harrington had never played in the Nissan Open and played the course only once before this week. Harrington played Riviera with friends while he was in Los Angeles for the Target World Challenge. “Obviously, someday it will catch up to me, the fact I don’t know the golf course,” Harrington said. “Today it didn’t. And whenever I did miss a shot, it seemed to be OK. There are a lot of pitfalls on this course, the catches, but they didn’t today.” Tiger Woods skipped the tournament this year, but eight of the top-10 ranked players in the world are in it and they’re playing like the best. Four of those players – Harrington, Mickelson, Jim Furyk, and Vijay Singh – are in the top 10 on the leaderboard. Furyk shot a 4-under 67 and Singh a 68. Sergio Garcia and Kevin Stadler – a USC product – are tied with Furyk and others at 67. They’re three shots behind leader Padraig Harrington, who made 10 birdies and shot an opening-round 63. This isn’t Mickelson’s hometown tournament, it just seemed like it Thursday. Mickelson and playing partners Ernie Els and Vaughn Taylor had the biggest and best gallery, with the majority of fans pulling for Mickelson. PACIFIC PALISADES – Phil Mickelson missed the Nissan Open the last five years, but he didn’t miss a beat in his return. Mickelson shot a 5-under par 66 in Thursday’s first round at Riviera Country Club and is tied for second with Briny Baird and Pat Perez. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
***Div 2 League***Is ar an tSatharn seo, 19ú Márta, a thoisíonn feachtas sraithe Chloich Cheannfhaola. Tá said ag imirt ar shiúl as baile in éadan Bhaile na nGallóglach – an fhoireann sinsir ar 3:00 agus an fhoireann tacaíochta ar 4:30 pm. Táthar ag súil go rachaidh scaifte go Baile na nGallóglach le tacaíocht a thabhairt dona foirne. Cloughaneely’s 1st league game of the season has been changed to this Saturday, March 19th. They travel to face Milford, with seniors fielding first at 3:00 and reserves 4:30! We wish both teams the best of luck as they start out in the competitive Div 2 league campaign!***Intermediate Club Championship Draw***The 2016 Championship draw was made on Saturday last. Cloughaneely were drawn in group B alongside N.Colmcille, N.Últan and Aodh Ruadh; with their only home game being against Aodh Ruadh in round 1.***U-21A Championship*** In the U-21 A Championship Cloughaneely will face Aodh Ruadh in the 1st round.***Minors***Our Minors have had a great start to the season! Their first league game took place on Sunday March 6th where they defeated Termon 5-08 | 3-10 ! They played their 2nd game on Sunday past in what was a thrilling encounter in an away game against Milford; the lads managed to win with a hard fought 3 point margin with a Final Score of 4-10|1-16. Top scorer on the day was Míchael McHugh who notched up a personal tally of 2-03, with the other goals coming from Aaron Carton and Ciaran McFadden. Maith Sibh!****Club Membership Deadline****The deadline for payment of membership is March 25th. We will hold one final registration night on Friday 18th from 8:00-9:00 pm at the club house. Please note: In the event of another successful year for our county senior team, only club members who have registered and fully paid membership by the deadline will be eligible for match ticket allocation. ***PLEASE NOTE: No shops within our Parish will be selling match tickets this year.*** The cost of adult club membership for 2016 is €30, underage membership is €10. If you are unable to attend our final registration night and wish to pay membership, please call Marie on 086-835 1996.***Club Draw***Congratulations to Cassie McGeady, Baltony, winner of the €200 in our club draw which was held for all those who purchased National Club Draw tickets from the club! ***Shamrocks for sale***The ladies board have pots of shamrocks on sale at various outlets throughout the parish and beyond. They are priced at €5 each and funds raised go towards the running of the club!***Assistant Treasurer***Congratulations to Paddy McClafferty (Snr!) who was appointed as assistant Treasurer at last weeks monthly club meeting! ***Congratulations***Well done to Roisin Ni Chuireáin who helped University College Dublin to the O’Connor Cup on Saturday past by beating University of Limerick 1-07|0-09!!CLOUGHANEELY STAR ROISIN NI CHUIREÁIN HELPS UCD TO O’CONNOR CUP WIN was last modified: March 15th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:CloughaneelyGAASport
All Sports Division 4 ReserveDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Carndonagh 4 – 6 0 – 12 Naomh Padraig Uisce Chaoin CarndonaghAllSportsStore.com Division 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Naomh Colmcille 1 – 5 2 – 12 Na DÃºnaibh/Downings Pairc Colmcille AllSportsStore.com Division 4Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Convoy 1 – 9 1 – 8 Moville ConvoyAllSportsStore.com Division 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Naomh Ultan 1 – 8 0 – 9 Naomh Brid DunkineelyAllSportsStore.com Division 4Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Carndonagh 4 – 6 0 – 12 Naomh PÃ¡draig Uisce Chaoin CarndonaghAllSportStore.com Division 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment26-Jun-2016 Ardara 2 – 6 2 – 11 Naomh Ã dhamhnÃ¡in/St Eunan’s Pairc na Phiarsaigh Ardara Ulster GAA Football Senior ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment25-Jun-2016 Donegal 1 – 11 0 – 14 Monaghan/Antrim Kingspan Breffni Park2016 Ulster Minor Football ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment25-Jun-2016 Monaghan/Antrim 2 – 12 3 – 15 Donegal Kingspan Breffni ParkALL YOUR LOCAL WEEKEND GAA RESULTS was last modified: June 26th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalGAA RESULTS
Anthony Martial is relishing the chance to prove himself this summer in what is a stunning U-turn on his Manchester United future.The 22-year-old looked set for an Old Trafford exit this summer but according to The Sun, Martial will not push for a move before next week’s European transfer deadline. Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ 1 And it seems Martial is encouraged by United’s refusal to sell him this summer. targets REVEALED LATEST Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland RANKED Martial was a surprise starter in United’s defeat to Brighton The striker was substituted after an hour during United’s defeat to Brighton on Sunday but is not deterred by Alexis Sanchez returning from injury soon as well as England pair Marcus Rashford and Jesse Lingard pushing for starting places.Martial missed out on a place in France’s World Cup winning squad after United boss started him in just two of the final ten league games of last season.The ex-Monaco star’s agent Philippe Lamboley said over the summer: “After thinking about all the factors and possibilities, Anthony wants to leave Manchester United.”However, the club have been reluctant to sell Martial – who they signed for £36million in September 2015 – a record transfer fee for a teenager at the time. targets moving on Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father IN DEMAND Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star LIVING THE DREAM Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Latest Transfer News
It’s that time of year again – just a few weeks to Christmas and a feature of life for over 40 years in the Finn Valley area has been the annual Stephen’s Day 5k.It’s all go once again on Dec 26th @ 2pm with the local Finn Valley AC targeting 1000 to toe the line.It is an event that has traditionally drawn close to 800 in previous years and the push is on to interest families, adults young and old to run, walk or jog. An ocassion to meet up with many home for the festive season, have a cuppa afterwards and for many the opportunity to get out in the fresh air and go for a stroll.Everyone welcome and all are encouraged to pre enter email@example.com.Each year there has been an honorary starter for the event and previous people that have fulfilled that role have been Sinead Jennings world Scull rowing champion, Philip Deignan Olympic cyclist, local weather man Mickey the Post, Pat the Cope MEP, at that time Lord Mayor Cora Harvey amongst others.While Olympic/World champions Mo Farah and Kenyan Vivian Cheryuiot have turned out in the past to great effect this is in every aspect a community event. So get registered today for what will be another great Finn Valley St Stephen’s Day 5k. TIME TO GET REGISTERED FOR THE ST STEPHEN’S DAY 5K AT FINN VALLEY was last modified: November 30th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:TIME TO GET REGISTERED FOR THE ST STEPHEN’S DAY 5K AT FINN VALLEY
Next Game: The Valley on ESPN3 Full Schedule Roster Watch Live Maddox’s grand slam came in the first inning and her second home run occurred in the third frame. Pena drew a bases loaded walk in the second inning to put Drake up 5-0 and her sacrifice fly was the Bulldogs’ final run. Newman tallied three strikeouts in one inning four times on Friday night. Preview CEDAR FALLS, Iowa – Junior pitcher Nicole Newman (Madison, Wis.) tossed a no-hitter with 13 strikeouts and freshman Sarah Maddox (Henderson, Nev.) slugged her first two home runs, including an inside the park grand slam, for the Drake University softball team in an 8-0 win over South Dakota State in five innings on Friday evening at the UNI-Dome Classic to start the 2017 season. vs. Montana 2/11/2017 – 10:15 AM Drake has a fast turnaround with two games on Saturday morning. The Bulldogs play Omaha at 8:15 a.m. and then Montana after the conclusion of their game against the Mavericks. Print Friendly Version Live Stats Newman, the reigning Missouri Valley Conference Pitcher of the Year, allowed just two walks and faced two batters over the minimum. Maddox finished 2-for-3 with five runs batted in and two runs scored. Senior Megan Sowa (Gurnee, Ill.) had a pair of hits, including one double, and scored two runs. Junior leadoff hitter Kelsey Wright (Olathe, Kan.) drew two walks and scored two runs. Sophomore Taryn Pena (Columbia, Ill.) drove in a pair of runs.
DONEGAL Daily Weather Report, in association with The Mount Errigal Hotel, Letterkenny, Tel 07491 22700. It’s CupCake Thursday, Free Glass of Wine and Free Cupcake today.Today’s Donegal Weather: Overnight rain has largely cleared from the county and will be followed by a mixture of sunny spells between the cloud with the best of the sunshine in the west.Temperatures should reach 11C or 12C later, though there is a chance of a passing shower in the afternoon and early evening. Current forecasts are showing clearer skies across the county around dusk, which may give us some spectacular sunset snaps (send yours to firstname.lastname@example.org). Temperatures will drop no lower than 6C overnight tonight. Friday will see similar conditions but with fewer showers.IT’S CupCake Thursday at the Mount Errigal Hotel. FREE Glass of Wine and a FREE CupCake for all the ladies when you order any Josper grill inspired main course at Dexters today. BRIGHTER, MILD: THE DD WEATHER REPORT WITH THE MOUNT ERRIGAL HOTEL was last modified: April 10th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegal daily weatherlight windsmildshowerssunshine
“Stop Listening to Scientists?” is an unusual title for a letter to Science.1 In a commentary last week prompted by the recent scandals regarding climate change, Kevin Robert Gurney (Purdue) made a shocking exclamation: don’t listen to scientists. Here’s how he began.As a climate scientist and a contributing author to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, my heart always warms when I hear policy-makers refer to doing what “the science dictates,” as President Obama did in his remarks toward the end of the U.N. Climate Change Treaty negotiations in Copenhagen, Denmark. However, after the first-hand experience of the rapid crash of the Copenhagen meeting, I have changed my thinking: World leaders, please stop listening to us! I don’t say this because I have lost faith in the verity of scientific results or the projected warming and subsequent global damages. I say this because international policy-makers are adhering too rigidly and too literally to recommended concentration thresholds and emissions targets, and it is crippling the international policy process.He followed this with some recommendations: try incremental changes instead of deal-breakers, lower the rhetoric, loosen commitments, prioritize, be satisfied with imperfect agreements, and “Leave aside the near-obsessive need to benchmark everything against the 2°C target.” The scientific guidelines have become “ossified deal-breakers,” he argued, letting the perfect become the enemy of the good. So it’s clear Dr. Gurney was using a little shock talk as an attention-getting rhetorical device when he told us to stop listening to scientists. But look at some other things scientists have been saying recently. Maybe his advice was better than he knew.No free willy: For his inaugural article to the National Academy of Sciences, Anthony Cashmore, a biologist at University of Pennsylvania, told them they have no free will.2 Apparently, he said this of his own volition, and they used their free will to elect him into the academy. Or was he one of the elect? Maybe it was his chemical destiny to tell the Academy they consist of “mechanical forces of nature,” who only employ free will as a “useful fiction” and operate under the “illusion of responsibility.” Cashmore further argued that a mistaken belief in free will is behind our criminal justice system. Criminals are not responsible for their behavior, he said, but should be incarcerated only for pragmatic reasons. “It is the author’s contention that a belief in free will is nothing other than a continuing belief in vitalism—something biologists proudly believe they discarded well over 100 years ago.” Dr. Cashmore did not produce any lab results or scientific evidence to back up his belief. Near the end, he said: “Finally, I would like to make the following point….” But who was speaking? Isn’t a mechanical force of nature pointless? Should his mechanical audience choose to listen, even if they could?Hunting aliens: Gary Ruvkun, professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School, is hunting for aliens. Space.com reported that he has an alien DNA detector he wants to use on Mars. Reporter Michael Schirber said, “The idea isn’t too crazy,” where “too” is the operative word. His search for extraterrestrial genomes (SETG) appears poised to be as successful as the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) has been. Schirber quoted another scientist thinking the project is a little premature, given that no biomass has been found yet. Meanwhile, Ruvkun is out calibrating his instrument on the acid runoff from a volcano in Argentina. Defining life: come again?: A Dutch scientist has come up with a new definition for life. Life, says Gerard Jagers op Akkerhuis of Wageningen University, is a hierarchy of operators. Space.com tells about his concepts of “hypercyclic neural network” and operators with “first-next possible closure.” Reporter Clara Moskowitz admitted, “If all this is a little heady, the scientist says he understands the idea is complex and may take some getting used to.” After all, “Biology is often called the study of life, yet in the history of the field, experts have never agreed on just what, exactly, life is.” One colleague has already taken issue with Jagers op Akkerhuis’ definition: “This theory and definition will confuse our biological issues even more by their circularity of reasoning,” he said. “Recognizing something as living depends on criteria derived from known, recent living systems; a bean is a bean because it is bean shaped.” That started an argument.Play find the storyteller: Three scientists in Canada disputed a letter-writer to PNAS3 who complained about their use of “convergent evolution” and neutral drift (instead of natural selection) to explain similar rare traits in some unrelated protozoans. They responded in PNAS4 with the following retort:The conventional route taken by most molecular biologists is to explain complexity by positive selection. However, we should not dismiss the purely neutral origin of complex systems like editing without evidence. Indeed, the absence of a working model for the origin of editing through positive selection renders the neutral model even more appealing, because it is liberated from the need to justify such an absurd molecular system with “Just-So” stories.Mr. Toad’s Wild Ride: How does an amphibian hop around the world? By developing “toadness.” In her Evolution feature for Science Feb. 5,5 Elisabeth Pennisi explained, “‘Toadness’ a Key Feature for Global Spread of These Amphibians” And what is toadness, one asks? It’s warty skin, internal fat, ability to survive dryness, and several other traits. They didn’t all come from the same family tree, she explained; “Instead, this quintessential ‘toad’ form has emerged multiple times on multiple evolutionary branches.” Convergent evolution came to the rescue again, along with a new word toadness, to explain how these unique amphibians “emerged.” Presumably, this provides understanding: “Knowing what kind of toads spread in the past should help us understand which ones will survive if accidentally transported into a new environment,” the article explained; i.e., “which taxa are likely to become invasive,” whatever that means (see 10/05/2009).Tree trouble: Two recent articles in Science illustrated the problem that evolutionary biologists have discerning phylogenetic trees in a forest of data – and dealing with their own biases. W. P. Hanage, in “The Trouble with Trees,”6 didn’t quite have the stomach for Jan Sapp’s new book, The New Foundations of Evolution On the Tree of Life. It was too non-Darwinian for him. Nevertheless, he acknowledged debates and disputes that remain active today, and at least joined scientists to the human race: “We all carry with us intellectual baggage and preconceptions from not only our own experiences but also those of our friends, colleagues, and mentors.” Terry Harrison, in “Apes Among the Tangled Branches of Human Origins,”7 revealed that much of the hype about human evolution is based on poor and contradictory data. Despite the hubbub over Ardipithecus last year, no clear line of descent is discernible. The confidence of his first sentence in the concluding paragraph is quickly swallowed up with doubt:As paleontological exploration intensifies across Africa, our knowledge of hominoids in this critical time period will steadily grow. Rather than just a few relictual evolutionary strands surviving to the end of the Miocene and giving rise to modern hominine lineages, as was previously thought, ape diversity in Africa during the late Miocene looks very bushlike. The relationships between Ardipithecus and earlier hominids will remain enigmatic until the quality of the fossil evidence from the late Miocene of Africa improves, but this will eventually prove critical in resolving its affinities to later hominins. The important questions then become: Where did Ardipithecus and the other early hominin contenders come from? Are they truly members of the hominin lineage, or simply apes among the tangled branches that constitute the basal hominine bush?It appears that hominine is making its appearance in the confusing mix of paleoanthropological terms. It’s instructive to compare the above paragraph with what scientists and journalists were saying last October (10/02/2009), when Bruce Alberts (editor of Science) proclaimed that Ardi proved that “Darwin was certainly right,” National Geographic said, “Oldest Skeleton of Human Ancestor Found,” and the BBC News called Ardi “An ancient human-like creature that may be a direct ancestor to our species.”The stories above, taken from reputable scientific sources, do not support the belief that scientists have an edge on truth or good sense. Nowhere is the ability of science to provide understanding more questionable than in the field of psychiatry. The ability of one group to call another group abnormal represents power in any culture. Who’s calling whom crazy? Do scientists do any better than politicians in figuring out what is normal and what is perverse? Be very worried. After a decade of work, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) is coming out with the 5th edition of a highly-influential document, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). It’s a book Greg Miller and Constance Holden in Science call “the most influential book in psychiatry,”8 because it determines how the mentally ill are diagnosed – and what “mental illness” means in the first place. Additionally, “it also sways how insurance companies decide which conditions to cover, how pharmaceutical companies design clinical trials, and how funding agencies decide which research to fund.” That’s power. Naturally, some people getting labeled in this “controversial” exercise are not happy. Example: “Among a number of new proposals that seem likely to cause a stir are a diagnosis of ‘prepsychotic risk syndrome’ applicable to young people and a redefinition of autism spectrum disorders that would eliminate Asperger’s syndrome, which many consider a mild form of autism.” The authors are also introducing new concepts, such as “dimensions,” to “reflect varying degrees of symptom severity and the overlap among disorders.” That word disorder is also coming under fire. There’s “hypersexuality” disorder “a diagnosis with no clear limits.” At what point does your sex urge pass the line of normal and become hyper? Could a person claim he has hypersexuality syndrome, and appeal to Anthony Cashmore’s thesis (above) that he has no free will or responsibility for it? Here’s one to set off another round of protests: “gender identity disorder.” Hey, some will say, It’s not a disorder; we’re “just normal people caught in the wrong-sex body.” Observers will recall that homosexuality used to be termed a disorder till the gay lobby achieved enough political power to make it impolitic to consider it abnormal. Will the benign term “dimensions” avoid creating new stigmas? “Dimensions also allow disorders to be deconstructed into components that can be addressed separately, such as the depression that accompanies many disorders,” Miller and Holden explain. “This approach acknowledges that ‘pure’ disorders are rare, and comorbidity is the norm….” Some psychiatrists, though, see this as nothing more than word play. The word comorbidity sounds pretty morbid itself. And the oft-used word “syndrome” can take on a life of its own. Try it: think of some mental trait you have, and call it “[your last name] syndrome.” With enough political clout, you might obtain millions of dollars to research it and find a cure. Some psychiatrists don’t like this book. “I’ve always been uncomfortable with the idea of producing one large book that changes everything,” one said. There are concerns that much of the work has been done behind closed doors. There are worries that some of the authors have financial ties with pharmaceutical companies. And how reliable is it to try to diagnose complex conditions without recourse to assumptions or causes? That’s the approach the APA has taken since the 1970s: just list the symptoms; don’t say what causes them. That leads to classification problems. If you have four of nine symptoms for depression, are you depressed, or not? If nothing fits your profile, do you feel better when lumped into the term “not otherwise specified” (NOS)? The practice of labeling lists of symptoms is fraught with political pressure and scientific dilemmas. If your adolescent child is diagnosed as having “prepsychotic risk syndrome,” will he or she be given powerful antipsychotic drugs? Should a person with “hypersexuality disorder” be given a pill or a sermon? How will the new diagnoses affect criminal justice? Andrew Cashmore doesn’t think psychiatrists should be allowed in a courtroom. While psychiatrists are trying to sanctify the new list of diagnoses with clinical trials and testable procedures, there are real fears of misdiagnoses and “‘false epidemics’ of mental illness caused by more expansive diagnostic criteria” that could result from this book. The average patient gets only 15 minutes with a psychiatrist to figure out what – if anything – is wrong.1. Kevin Robert Gurney, “Stop Listening to Scientists?”, Science, 12 February 2010: Vol. 327. no. 5967, p. 780, DOI: 10.1126/science.327.5967.780-a.2. Anthony Cashmore, “The Lucretian swerve: The biological basis of human behavior and the criminal justice system,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, advance online publication, February 8, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0915161107.3. Speijer, D (2010) “Does complexity necessarily arise from selective advantage?” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107:E25.4. Keeling, Leander and Lukes, “Reply to Speijer: Does complexity necessarily arise from selective advantage?”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, advance online publication, February 9, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0911933107.5. Elisabeth Pennisi, “Evolution: ‘Toadness’ a Key Feature for Global Spread of These Amphibians,” Science, 5 February 2010: Vol. 327. no. 5966, p. 633, DOI: 10.1126/science.327.5966.633-a.6. W. P. Hanage, “Microbiology: The Trouble with Trees,” Science, 5 February 2010: Vol. 327. no. 5966, pp. 645-646, DOI: 10.1126/science.1185784.7. Terry Harrison, “Anthropology: Apes Among the Tangled Branches of Human Origins,” Science, 29 January 2010: Vol. 327. no. 5965, pp. 532-534, DOI: 10.1126/science.1184703.8. Greg Miller and Constance Holden, “Psychiatry: Proposed Revisions to Psychiatry’s Canon Unveiled,” Science, 12 February 2010: Vol. 327. no. 5967, pp. 770-771, DOI: 10.1126/science.327.5967.770-a.Who are scientists? They are people. They are human like the rest of us. Why should we trust their opinions more than those of others, then? Is it because of their training? Their methods? Their political power? Like the churchmen of medieval times, scientists strut about with presumptive authority and speak with little fear of criticism from outsiders. But the word “scientist” did not exist till 1832. Science did not become a career profession till later, and only took on its institutional status in the 20th century. Science is a bandwagon too small for the people wanting to ride its reputation. Like members of any class of human beings, whether musicians, construction workers, politicians, lawyers, realtors, athletes, or whatever, scientists include the good, the bad, and the ugly. We should no more trust the pronouncements of a scientist a priori because he or she wears the label than we should clap for the generic musician regardless of talent. A scientist’s pronouncements should be valued based on the evidence – not position. We would hope that scientists have learned to be epistemically modest and committed to logic, precision (via mathematics), and careful observation, just like any reasonable human being should be. But as the above stories show, there are some clowns in white lab coats. Better an honest country parson than a scientist using a PhD as a pretext for saying dumb things. Let’s put the shrinks on the couch. How should we classify these stories?Logic derangement syndrome: espousing a self-refuting proposition.Paranoid delusion disorder: imagining non-existent friends or enemies.Cyclic jargonia: arguing in circles with fancy words.Fictitious projection: using a just-so story to accuse someone else of telling just-so stories.Transcendental verbalization: believing that inventing words leads to understanding.Divination psychosis: persistent visualization of shapes and signs in uncooperative data.No one doubts that there are severely disturbed people who need help, but it wasn’t that long ago when totalitarian dictators put the sane ones in the asylum. Righteous, honest people in Stalin’s Russia (the ones who were not outright murdered) were given mind-altering drugs and brainwashing to try to cure them of their psychiatric disorder of believing in God. It was intuitively obvious to the perpetrators that anyone who did not accept the regime was crazy by definition. It happened. It could happen again. Many Darwinists today treat anyone who disagrees with Charlie as de facto insane. Some of them write scholarly papers in scientific journals alleging such things. Then they turn right around and speak of complex life “emerging” from nowhere by chance. The have delusions of aliens emerging from primordial seas. They envision universes exploding into existence without a cause. They shoot at their feet with self-refuting beliefs. Who is calling whom crazy? We must always be on our toes to prevent the cultural normalization of insanity. Kipling said that part of being a man (a rational creature, by extension), is keeping your head while everyone around you is losing theirs.(Visited 25 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0