Cristiano Ronaldo: “Of course, I would like to play with him because he is also one of the greatest in history. You really enjoy watching him and what he is doing in Juventus … For me, he is one of the best ever.”Setién and Valverde: “It is impossible to compare one with the other.” Messi: “It’s amazing to play with him and I think he is really special. If he is the best ever … I think there have been very special players at all times. What is certain is that he has been the best of the last 15 years and, in my opinion, is the best of all time. Playing with him the last six years has been incredible. “Neymar and his possible return: “I would like to have him on my team. He needs to decide what is best for him, since he is my friend and I want to see him happy and safe. When he is happy he is one of the best players in the world.”Most underrated player in the world: “There are many. Mourinho said it was me and he was right (laughs). There are many players like that, although for me it is Pjanic.” Ivan Rakitic has granted an interview for Bleacher Report, in which he has not given a solution to his future always questioned, but has left several headlines. The Barcelona footballer has faced user questions and confirmed that he would like to play with Cristiano Ronaldo, who would love to return Neymar to Barcelona or praised his partner Leo Messi, whom he considers the best of all the times. 2018 World Cup: “It changed me a lot. We had an experience of being there until the last day and losing it was really difficult. I felt all the love in the world and it was very special for us. I will never forget it.”Better with the one who has played and better against the one who has played: “This is easy, Messi vs. Messi.”Defend Messi: “Playing against him is so difficult … It’s like playing another sport.”Would you change a World Cup for the Champions League?: “Yes, no doubt. There are many opportunities to win a Champions League, but a World Cup is more difficult.”Defeat against Liverpool: “It was really difficult, a heartbreaking moment. We have to have a lot of respect for Liverpool. This is what football is about, to fight until the last minute.”Favorite stadium without counting the Camp Nou: “Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán”.Transfer Rumors: “It’s also part of football, you have to understand it and be ready in January. You have to be happy and think about the family. I have to play and if I play at Barça, then I’m happy.”Best defense: “Piqué. If you play with him, you see that he is the best of the last ten years.”Messi’s best goal: “The one in Getafe, the one in the Cup final against Athletic … Choosing one is difficult.”Your FIFA Score: “I just found out, that’s good (laughs).”Most fun player you have played with: “Dani Alves”.Always favorite player: “Robert Prosinicki”.Favorite rapper: “Eminem”.Barcelona kit: “I love it because it is similar to Croatia.”Your breakfast: “I drink coffee, although sometimes I go without breakfast. Other times toast.”Goalkeepers: “Neuer and Ter Stegen, but it’s really amazing to have them on your team.”Eurocup or Champions this year: “I prefer the Euro because I already won the Champions League.”His favorite goal: “My first with Basel. A volley with the left.”Croatia’s future: “I hope it goes well. There are many very good young people and I hope they can do better than the current generation.”
Over four and a half years have passed since Canadian investor Len Lindstrom won a decisive case in the Civil Law Court but reports reaching the Daily Observer indicate that no effort has been made to enforce the Supreme Court’s Judgment since January 10, 2014.Lindstrom, the President CEO of Liberty Gold and Diamond Mining, Inc. and its associate companies, initiated the case in 2010 against the government of Liberia and the Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy over the illegal termination of its numerous licensed mineral properties in Liberia and the government’s immediate relicensing of all Liberty properties to other companies.Judge Peter Gbenewelleh ruled on March 11, 2011 in the Lower Court that the actions of the government of Liberia and Lands, Mines and Energy were “…illegal, irregular, improper and unlawful” and further stated in the judgment that there had been gross violations of the investor’s rights and of the Constitution.The judge thereafter ordered the Liberty properties to be immediately returned and reinstated to the investor, which our sources say the Liberian government has failed to honor.Following the delay to enforce the Supreme Court’s order after more than three years, Lindstrom has complained about the “constant delays and outright lies… until I was left with no choice but to openly expose the underhanded and illegal actions of top government appointed officials at Lands, Mines and Energy,” which he did by writing and documenting his charges in a 618-page book entitled “Corruption 101 – Liberia Style.”The corruption book not only listed the names and actions of the individuals involved in the illegal expropriation of his properties but was substantiated with over 300 pages of documents to validate his charges. The book was widely received by the general public, including foreign governments and anti-corruption groups, and was welcomed for its accurate and documented exposure of gross government corruption, greed, coercion, extortion, misuse of political office and cunning manipulation designed to cheat investors and potentially and unjustly enrich officials.After waiting for over three and half years for an assignment in Supreme Court in response to the appeal filed by government, the highly publicized release of the “Corruption 101” book on Sunday evening, January 5, 2014, brought an almost immediate response, and only four and a half days later, the Supreme Court assigned the Liberty case and the same day delivered a 57-page Opinion and Final Judgment; both court documents had been reported to be completed months earlier.The Supreme Court’s Final Judgment was a unanimous decision determined by all five Justices in Liberty’s favor and was delivered on January 10, 2014. According to Lindstrom, six days after the ruling, Cllr. Tiawan Gongloe, his legal representative, received a ‘petition for re-argument’ on the pretext that the government did not want to delay the process any further but simply wanted to buy time to negotiate a quick and quiet out-of-court settlement with Lindstrom and the Liberty companies.Sources said Cllr. Gongloe questioned “this highly unusual action” and asked the Supreme Court if this unconventional event was a newly acceptable procedure for filing. “Despite promises that the Liberty case would be quickly assigned, it did not happen for 14 months until the Supreme Court reopened in March 2015, at which time arguments were heard concerning the motion on the very first day of active court in the March 2015 Term,” sources said. Nevertheless, sources confirmed that despite being the first case heard, the March court term came to a close six months later in August 2015 without the Liberty case being assigned and without any ruling being given. Lindstrom believes that the motion filed was intended to further delay, frustrate and thwart his efforts to get justice.Now that the Supreme Court has officially reopened for its October 2015 term, the Canadian investor is once again questioning whether the Honorable Court will assign his company’s case.Lindstrom told the Daily Observer: “But one thing is certain, no matter how much the government of Liberia believes they can simply ignore this problem, it will not go away because Len Lindstrom and his corporate colleagues, including local Liberty Operations Manager, Charles Davis, are fully committed to achieving due justice and will not cease their determined pursuit for justice until such time as the company receives all that is just, fair, legal and equitable in the case of Liberty vs. Government of Liberia.”The Liberty Gold and Diamond Mining Inc spent almost U$20 million dollars in development and exploration, employed a huge workforce of almost 300 Liberians and up to 25 professional geologists. And during its first number of years operation in Liberia, discovered 17 substantial gold deposits as well as one large iron ore deposit within their legally licensed territories.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
A nurse attached to the Herstelling Health Centre was on Thursday charged jointly with her fiancé for narcotics possession for the purpose of trafficking.Shellyann Gilgeous, 27, of 1139 Providence New Scheme, East Bank Demerara and Lansdale Hope, 34, of the same address, appeared before Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan.According to facts presented to the court, on April 23, 2018, ranks attached to the Police Narcotics Branch acting on intelligence intercepted the duo who was at the time travelling in motor vehicle PSS 2037.A search was carried out on the said vehicle and 66 grams of amphetamine (ecstasy) was found concealed in the woman’s hand bag.Gilgeous then told the ranks that it was given to her by Hope for safe-keeping.They were both arrested and taken to the Brickdam Police Station.Defence lawyer Dexter Todd, in his application for bail, asked that it be granted in a small sum.Police Prosecutor Gordon Mansfield objected to bail citing that the defendants gave statements which were recorded and signed by them.Magistrate McLennan granted bail in the sum of $150,000 each and ordered the couple to report to the Providence Magistrate’s Court this and every Monday until the matter was resolved.The case was adjourned until May 28, 2018.
A route 47 minibus driver was on Friday remanded to prison when he appeared at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts charged for raping a 14-year-old girl.Adrain BrandtAdrian Brandt denied the charge when it was read to him by Magistrate Fabayo Azore. The charge stated that Brandt sexually assaulted the teen on October 7, 2018, at Sophia, Greater Georgetown.Brandt is no stranger to the court. On March 30, 2014, he was released on $40,000 bail by Magistrate Faith McGusty on a dangerous driving charge. He was also the prosecution’s main witness in the July 29, 2013 Mandela Avenue, Georgetown shooting where one person was killed.
1 Stoke City have confirmed they are holding talks with forward Marko Arnautovic and left-back Erik Pieters to extend their contracts at the Britannia Stadium.The pair both joined the club at the start of manager Mark Hughes’ tenure in 2013 and have established themselves as key players.They are approaching the final 18 months of their current deals and Hughes has already stated his desire to see them tied to longer-term deals.And now chariman Peter Coates has revealed he is eager to extend their stays with the Potters.He told the Sentinel newspaper: “Yes, they are contracts we are working on at the moment.“We are always aware of these things, of where we want to go with them, and are trying to make sure we get things done in good time.” Stoke City star Marko Arnautovic
The Environmental Protection Agency is suing Irish Water and a local council claiming the public water supply in a Co Donegal town is not up to standard.Council to appear in court over Letterkenny’s water supply.The EPA is taking both Irish Water and Donegal County Council to court over the water supply for Letterkenny and its 19,000 residents.The agency first introduced a directive in August 2011 informing the council to take measures to improve its supply. An examination of the Letterkenny Regional Public Water Supply showed concerns for the treatment of the water supply.One of the areas of concern was for the treatment of Crytosporidium as well as excessive levels of trihalomethanes.The complaint from the EPA alleges that Donegal County Council “failed to comply with a Direction issued by the EPA under Regulation 10(4) of the European Communities (Drinking Water) (No. 2) Regulations 2007 in that they failed to implement the action programme approved by the EPA on 31 August 2011 for the improvement of the quality of water intended for human consumption from the Letterkenny Regional Public Supply to meet the parametric values specified in the said Regulations for trihalomethanes within the period specified by the EPA and provided for in the said Regulations.”However the council has failed to do so within a timeframe set down by the EPA. Now a court summons has been issued to both Donegal County Council and Irish Water to appear at Letterkenny District Court on Tuesday next.As Irish Water now holds the remit for drinking water, they too have been summoned to appear in court. COURT CASE OVER LETTERKENNY’S WATER SUPPLY SCHEDULED FOR NEXT TUESDAY was last modified: October 2nd, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:courtDonegal County CouncilEnvironmental Protection AgencyIrish Water
10 10 10 Newcastle United vs BournemouthReal result: 2-1xG result: 2.50-1.93 We all know Manchester City dominated in their derby victory over rivals Man United but did Chelsea deserve to beat Everton and should Newcastle really have got all three points against high-flying Bournemouth?Find out below how every team performed compared to their expected goals in the 12th round of Premier League matches thanks to statistics from Understat.com… Neil Etheridge was overjoyed by the result Leicester City vs BurnleyReal result: 0-0xG result: 1.35-0.32 What is expected goals? Expected goals (xG) is a statistic used to work out how many goals should be scored in a match.Every single shot is awarded an xG value based on the difficulty of the attempt, with factors including distance from goal, type of shot and number of defenders present affecting the value.The higher the xG of a particular shot, the more likely a goal should be scored from that shot.The xG value of every shot in a game is then used to calculate the expected goals in a particular match. Southampton vs WatfordReal result: 1-1xG result: 1.10-1.07 Manchester City celebrate their second goal Arsenal vs Wolverhampton WanderersReal result: 1-1xG result: 0.97-1.90 Huddersfield Town vs West Ham UnitedReal result: 1-1xG result: 1.15-1.40Crystal Palace vs Tottenham HotspurReal result: 0-1xG result: 0.69-1.55 10 Leicester paid tribute to Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha 10 It was a night to remember for Juan Foyth The dust is settling on another fascinating weekend of Premier League action and the results are in the record books.But do they reflect what actually happened in the matches we witnessed? Charlie Austin was unhappy following a disallowed goal Manchester City vs Manchester UnitedReal result: 3-1xG result: 2.02-0.97 Liverpool vs FulhamReal result: 2-0xG result: 2.00-0.57 10 Chelsea vs EvertonReal result: 0-0xG result: 1.16-0.20 10 Shaqiri’s superb finish doubled Liverpool’s lead Hazard couldn’t provide Chelsea’s inspiration 10 Should a team end with a higher xG than actual goals scored, it is probable they were wasteful in front of goal due to poor finishing or an in-form opposition goalkeeper. If the real goals scored is higher than the xG, the team may have been lucky to score so many in that match, or have an above average finisher scoring hard chances others would miss.Cardiff City vs Brighton and Hove AlbionReal result: 2-1xG result: 1.92-0.75 getty 10 10 Solomon Rondon bagged a brace at St James’ Park Chelsea star Willian looks frustrated in action against Everton. Bernd Leno was man-of-the-match for Arsenal
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Elizabeth WilliamsDTN Special CorrespondentINDIANOLA, Iowa (DTN) — A 67-acre tract of farmland in Sioux County, Iowa, brought $18,300 per acre at auction earlier this month.In September, Hertz Farm Management had 10 sales at $10,000 or more per acre and eight sales above $11,000 per acre for corn and soybean ground, CEO Randy Hertz told DTN.These sales may be isolated cases in today’s market, but the trend of steady-to-slightly higher land values is not. Farmland brokers report sales around the Midwest continue to attract strong buying interest, primarily from farmers.Farm profits have been hard to come by in recent years and are no longer the driving force of the land market. Instead, farmland values’ stability has helped farmers weather the storm of low commodity prices. But with little change seen to agriculture’s economic outlook, DTN takes a look at what’s holding land values up — inventory, interest rates, income and investment — and what it would take for them to tumble in this two-part series, Land’s Linchpin.LOW INVENTORY MEETS LIMITED INCENTIVE TO SELLFarmland owners have few incentives to sell.In the old days, a retiring farm couple would sell the farm, buy a house in town and live comfortably in retirement. They didn’t necessarily want to rent their farm because the prevailing crop share leases were risky.In contrast, today’s cash rents are relatively risk-free, and it doesn’t take a large number of rental acres to generate a secure retirement income for a frugal farm couple. For an older couple looking for a safe investment, renting out a farm is attractive, providing a 2.5% to 3% return in annual cash rental income compared to the less than 2% return they’d earn on a certificate of deposit at a bank.In fact, 60% of the farmland in Iowa is owned by people 65 years and older.“People like owning land,” said Winnie Stortzum, a farmland broker with Farmers National Company in Arcola, Illinois. “They know the investment. They like the investment, and they are comfortable with it.”Stortzum said he spoke with a 73-year-old investor who bought a farm for $10,550 per acre this spring.“He has never been married; has no heirs, no nieces or nephews. He said, ‘I know I shouldn’t be buying land at this age, but I just like the investment.’ And he is looking into charities to leave his land to,” Stortzum said.Tax laws also disincentivize farmland sales. If you hold your land until you die, your heirs get a step-up in basis and do not have to pay capital gains tax on the farmland if they sell it for market value at the time of your death. If, however, you sell that land while you are alive, you pay tax on all the capital gain since you bought or inherited the ground. Consequently, most farmland sales today are estate sales.Another reason farm owners aren’t selling: They don’t need to. Eighty-two percent of Iowa farmland is owned free of debt, according to a 2017 survey by Iowa State University. This is up from 62% in 1982 and 78% in 2012.“That provides huge stability in the land market,” Hertz said.Despite lower farm profits and declining working capital, lenders are not pressuring for a large number of land sales because many farmers have adequate net worth to weather lean times. A recent report by USDA’s Economic Research Service that looked at measures of solvency, liquidity and repayment capacity found that only 10% to 15% of farms were classified as being under financial stress.It’s important to remember that not all farmers are losing money, either, said Howard Halderman with Halderman Farm Management and Real Estate Services, based in Wabash, Indiana. “Farmers have had the opportunity to sell over $4 cash corn and over $10 soybeans the past three to four years and over two to three weeks” each time, he told DTN.The tough growing season has also created regional basis opportunities.“And this fall, cash basis for corn in southern Minnesota was 5 to 10 cents over the Chicago futures price when it’s usually 40 cents under the Chicago price,” said Moe Russell with Russell Consulting Group in Panora, Iowa. That’s because buyers are worried about availability of quality grain, he said.“Farmers who are good marketers have been able to hold their own financially, even in these tough times,” he said.Also, not all places had crop failures or lower-than-average yields this year. Corn yields in the area of that eye-popping farmland sale this year are over 200 bushels per acre while soybeans are yielding 50-70 bpa.Farmers aren’t selling, and they are doing most of the farmland buying.“In our farm sales this year, 70% to 75% of the buyers were operating farmers,” Halderman said. “It’s been closer to 50-50 farmers to investors the past few years.”INTEREST RATES DRAW ACCOLADESIn agriculture, you can’t say enough good things about low interest rates.“It keeps interest expenses low for operating farmers,” said farm consultant Russell.“When interest rates on bank CDs are frustratingly low, farmland investment is attractive,” said Stortzum.“People look at hard assets that retain value [rather than invest in financial instruments],” noted Texas A&M economist Charles Gilliland.Low interest rates make borrowing for land purchases more affordable and keep the cost of servicing debt payments low.“I borrowed some money to buy some farms and locked in 3.25%, fixed for 10 years,” said Murray Wise, a farmland broker and investor. “I kind of felt sorry for the banker.”The general economy also benefits from low interest rates, he said, by forestalling a recession. “The prime rate at 5 and moving down is a positive sign for the economy. And all the big banks are making phenomenal money with a rather conservative portfolio.”SAFETY NET PAYMENTS HELP CASH FLOWOhio State University ag economist Barry Ward said the safety net in agriculture is pretty strong.“Subsidized crop insurance helps put a floor in place. ARC-PLC government payments aren’t that high now, but still protect a significant downside. And Market Facilitation Program (MFP) payments and the prevent plant program this year have helped farmers with cash flow,” Ward explained.USDA authorized $14 billion for MFP payments this growing season that will be divided up into three payments, the first of which farmers have already received. The remaining two are dependent on the status of trade negotiations, with USDA currently planning on cutting checks in November and January.Farmers with prevented planting claims this year will also be paid an additional 10% under a disaster assistance bill.Ward said the unfortunate part of that arrangement is there’s no knowing how long support will continue since both of those are ad hoc programs.That uncertainty, along with other challenges to corn demand, could lead to tighter incomes over time.“There’s a question mark on the ethanol industry, so we’ll see what happens there,” Ward said.SECTION 1031 TAX-DEFERRED LAND EXCHANGES FACILITATE DEVELOPMENTFarmland continues to be converted to suburban houses and business sites. A recent study by the American Farmland Trust found that 31 million acres were lost to development between 1992 and 2012, including 11 million acres of the nation’s best agricultural land.For perspective, that’s 175 acres per hour of agricultural land lost to development, or 3 acres per minute.In the Texas Panhandle, as around the U.S., these exchanges are helping to prop up farm and ranch values, Gilliland said.“Landowners surrounding cities, such as Lubbock, look for other ag property to exchange into and avoid paying high capital gains taxes on land they sold for development,” he said.Land exchanges are not a huge portion of land sales, but they are still significant. The Iowa chapter of the Realtors Land Institute estimated in 2019 that potential buyers using 1031 Exchanges influenced up to 20% of the farmland auctions, either by buying or bidding.(KM/ES/AG)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.
From Orson Welles to Ridley Scott, great filmmakers have developed signature styles that we know and recognize. Let’s look at the favorite focal lengths of famous directors and how they made them their own.Cover image via ShotonWhatDisclaimer: We acknowledge that all film directors use a wide variety of lenses and focal lengths in their films and throughout their careers. We are merely looking more in-depth at the focal lengths which may pop up time and time again in famous shots and films which we relate to famous directors’ legacies. Enjoy!When creating a film, the director is usually considered the one person with the vision to tell the story. All parts of production feed off the director in concert to bring that vision to life. One of the many, many decisions that a director must make going into each and every shot is on the focal length. If you look back through the cinematic histories of some of the most famous directors, you can uncover patterns and rules to how these directors have made systematic use of different focal lengths to elicit different feelings, themes and motifs to tell their story.Sareesh Sudhakaran at Wolfcrow.com put together a comprehensive breakdown of how nineteen famous directors have used specific focal lengths in their films and which ones are most representative of their work. You can watch his entire video here or at the bottom of this post, but here are his findings.Orson Welles: 18mm and 25mmOrson Welles in Touch of Evil via UniversalOrson Welles, like many directors of his era, mostly shot scenes with wide focal lengths and little movement. Instead, the characters moved within the frames between the composed fore and backgrounds. Sudhakaran points out that the two prominent focal lengths Welles used in his most famous films were 18mm (Touch of Evil) and 25mm (Citizen Kane). The wideness, while not too wide, allowed Welles to “get that deep focus and majestic blocking over long takes.”Image from Citizen Kane via RKOOther directors who often favored wide angles like 18mm and 25mm were Jean-Pierre Jeunet in Delicatessen and Roman Polanski in Rosemary’s Baby.Image from Delicatessen via UGCImage from Rosemary’s Baby via ParamountSteven Spielberg: 21mmImage via ParamountAccording to Sudhakaran, “Spielberg reportedly sees the world through 21mm,” which can be traced throughout his vast filmography. The Oscar-award-winning director makes heavy use of his preferred wide angle lens, letting the characters of his films move throughout their frames. His style is similar to Orson Welles, Sudhakaran argues, as he uses blocking within his shots better than anyone.Image from Munich via UniversalOther directors who make predominant use of the 21mm wide angle are Tim Burton and Martin Scorsese.Image from Edward Scissorhands via 20th Century FoxImage from Taxi Driver via ColumbiaThe Coen Brothers: 27mmImage via Working Title FilmsThe Coen Brothers join the long line of filmmakers who prefer the wide-angle approach. Although they vary film to film, Sudhakaran makes the case that 27mm is their true favorite focal length. Sudhakaran points out that David Fincher, like the Coen Brothers, is another director who varies his lenses but makes the most use of the 27mm.Image from Fargo via Working TitleDirectors like Wes Anderson have made heavy use of wide lenses like the 27mm but in a different format. Wes Anderson likes to use anamorphic lenses, which, while wider, creates the same compression as a non-anamorphic lens.Image via The Royal Tenenbaums via TouchstoneAlfred Hitchcock: 50mmImage via WaldinaEver the perfectionist, Alfred Hitchcock preferred the 50mm for the majority of his films, as it was the closest to the “natural field of view” according to Sudhakaran. He even went as far as to have his film sets built to best accommodate the framing he would need for the 50mm field of view.Image via Psycho via ParamountFamous international filmmakers like Robert Bresson and Yasujiro Ozu also preferred the 50mm and would make adjustments to their sets to accommodate the lens.Image via A Man Escaped via GaumontImage via Tokyo Story via ShochikuRidley Scott: 75mm+Image via Indie RevolverRidley Scott is one of the rare directors who prefers to use long lenses. For 1979’s Alien, he used anamorphic 75mm and above. Sudhakaran also notes Scott’s affection for using zoom lenses and shooting spherical and cropped for widescreen. His shots are well-composed but lose some of the depth that accompanies wide focal length shots.Image from Alien via 20th Century FoxSudhakaran points out that one of the most famous directors in film history, Akira Kurosawa, is often believed to have used long zoom lenses as well, but actually worked mostly in the 35mm to 50mm range. Only occasionally would Kurosawa use telephoto for its extreme compression.Image from Yojimbo via TohoIf you’re interested, Sudhakaran has charted the preferred focal lengths of nineteen of his favorite directors which you can view below. You can also watch his video on the subject to get the full experience. What’s your favorite focal length to use? Was your choice inspired by one of the directors above? Let us know in the comments.
The use of seat belts has improved substantially among bus and truck drivers after the new law on traffic violations came into force, according to a survey conducted by NGO Save Life Foundation.The study was conducted at different sites in two States — at Burari, Bhalswa and Mukundpur in Delhi and Mumbai Pune Expressway and Old Mumbai Pune Highway in Maharashtra. As many as 1,190 vehicles were observed before the implementation of the Act on August 29 and on September 11 a total of 1,294 vehicles were monitored after the rules came into effect.80.5% increaseThe findings show that in Delhi there was an 80.5% increase in use of seat belts by bus drivers with 88% of them wearing seatbelts after the implementation of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019, whereas only 7.5% wore them earlier. Similarly, the use of seatbelts among bus drivers in Mumbai went up by 26%, with 50% of those monitored wearing them instead of a mere 26.5% earlier. About 120 buses were monitored in Delhi and 108 in Mumbai before the study and after the study 105 were observed in Delhi and 110 in Mumbai.There is a remarkable improvement among truck drivers, too, with 27.7% increase in their use in Delhi and 21% in Mumbai. A total of 92 trucks before the new rules and 105 trucks after were observed in Delhi, where 127 trucks were monitored before and after implementation of the rules.Light motor vehiclesSeat belt compliance improved by 17.8% for light motor vehicles in Delhi, while for Mumbai it improved by 1 percentage point.As per the amended Act, the fine for not wearing seat belts has increased from ₹100-₹300 to ₹1,000 with effect from September 1.These findings for heavy vehicles stood out among other offences which were monitored including non-usage of helmets, not providing passage to emergency vehicles, load protrusion and overloading for two-wheelers, buses, trucks and light motor vehicles.According to government data on road accidents for 2017, trucks (along with tempos and tractors) and buses together accounted for nearly 27% of crashes or 1,24,000 of the total 4,60,000 accidents.While seat belts don’t avert accidents, their use helps in mitigating fatalities and serious injuries. According to a forensic examination of 500 crashes conducted by the Road Safety Foundation, nearly 33% of deaths were caused due to seat belts not being worn by road users.